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Introduction
Click to enlargeCharles Waterton arrived in Georgetown in 1804 to manage the plantations of his father (Walton Hall) and his uncle, Christopher Waterton (La Jalousie and Fellowship), who had returned to England.
I have added the plantations to this British map that was produced using data from the 1940s and 50s, and published in 1960. (3)

One of his uncle's estates, the principal crop being coffee, had no less than five hundred Negro slaves working on it. The other produced sugar and cotton, worked by three hundred slaves. (1)

Such spare time as he had, Charles spent with his paternal aunt Anne Daly and her husband Michael at their estate, Bellevue. (2) This became his second home. He also met Charles Edmonstone, the friendship endured the test of time. Waterton eventually married Edmonstone's daughter Anne and regarded her sisters Helen and Eliza as if they were his own.

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Click to enlarge
A mural depicting a sugar factory. (7)
Click image to enlarge.

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Miscellaneous information about, and references to, the plantations with a Waterton connection.

1. WALTON HALL PLANTATION

Click to enlargeWalton Hall is near The Jib and Hampton Court, north of Anna Regina on the road to Charity.

Sketch Map of Walton Hall and other plantations in the Anna Regina area circa 1880.
This map is based upon a map included in Walter Rodney's excellent work A History of the Guyanese Working People, 1881 - 1905. (4)

Our Sugar Estates - Essequibo Coast

'We shall commence with the most northerly plantation in the Colony, Hampton Court,the property of the Colonial Company, Limited. This fine property formerly consisted of four separate sugar estates, viz., Walton Hall, Devonshire Castle, Hampton Court and Windsor Castle. The three latter were vacuum-pa estates in a small way, but from want of labourers t carry on the proper cultivation of the soil, one by one ceased to have an independent existence; and in the course of time the Colonial Company became sole owners of this fine block of land.'

Published by The Argosy and included in Walter Rodney's Guyanese Sugar Plantations in the Late Nineteenth Century (6)


Compensation for Slave Owners
In 1833 the British Parliament finally abolished slavery in the British Empire in the Caribbean, Mauritius and the Cape. The slave trade itself had been abolished in 1807, but it took another 26 long years to set the enslaved free. In place of slavery the negotiated settlement established a system of apprenticeship, forcing the freed slaves into another form of tied labour for fixed terms. It also granted £20 million in compensation, to be paid by British taxpayers to the former slave-owners.

As far as Walton Hall plantation is concerned, the following claim is recorded on the UCL database (8):

British Guiana Claim No. 2426 (Walton Hall)
Date 11th Jan 1836.
No of slaves 300.
Claim amount £16,283 6s 7d.

Notes
1. Claim by John Lane, for the executor and executrix of Benjamin Kingston. Margaret Saunders counterclaimed as the administratrix of John Saunders, the mortgagee, dated 07/03/1820. £20,680 of mortgage and £14,769 4s 5d on account current to 30th April.

2. G. Parry registered as attorney for 316 enslaved persons. No ownership information is given.


Articles concerning Walton Hall

The Demerary and Essequebo Royal Gazette
Vol. X, No. 756, Saturday, 21st January, 1815.

At the Commissary-Court of the 6th of February, 1815, will be passed the following Transports and Mortgages; viz.

3. By J. M'Kirdy, Transport of Pl. Walton hall, situated on the Aroabische or West Sea coast of Essequebo, together with a number of 81 slaves, the names thereof to be seen at this Office, and further, with all the Buildings, Cultivation, and other appurtenances, thereto belonging - to Benjamin Kingston.
4. By Benjamin Kingston, a mortgage on the above Plantation Walton Hall, with a number of 81 slaves, and additional number of 76 slaves, the names thereof to be seen at this office - in favour of J. M'Kirdy.

The Argosy, Georgetown
In The Argosy, published in 1883, Walton Hall is recorded as being part of Hampton Court, the most northerly plantation in the colony:

"This fine property formerly consisted of four separate sugar estates, viz., Walton Hall, Devonshire Castle, Hampton Court and Windsor Castle. The three latter were vacuum-pan estates in a small way, but from want of labourers to carry on the proper cultivation of the soil, one by one ceased to have an independent existence; and in the course of time the Colonial Company became sole owners of this fine block of land". (6)

Walton Hall Estate now has a rice mill licensed by the Guyana Rice Development Board (as at 2009). Its neighbours include:

■Paradise (0km), ■The Jib (3.2km), ■Devonshire Castle (3.2km), ■Perth (3.2km), ■Dunkeld (3.2km), ■Exmouth (3.2km), ■Hampton Court (3.2km), ■Better Success (6.5km), ■Windsor Castle (6.5km), ■Marias Delight (7.2km), ■Westbury (7.2km) ■Coffee Grove (7.2km),
■Sparta (7.2km), ■La Belle Alliance (9.7km), ■La Resource (10.2km), ■Better Hope (10.2km), ■Lima (10.3km), ■Andrews (11.7km), ■Henrietta (13km), ■Anna Regina (13km). (5)

See Waterton's Plantations - Page 2 for bits and pieces of miscellaneous information about the other plantations.

See also A List of Estates in Demerary and Essequebo,
With the Number of Slaves on each, and the Quantity of Produce made during the Year – 1813.

Continued on page 2.

Notes
1. Squire Waterton, Gilbert Phelps, EP Publishing Ltd., 1976. p. 33.
2. Bellevue or Belle Vue is also the name of a district of Wakefield, West Yorkshire. I understand that there are in Guyana several places named Belle Vue:
• on the coast in Mahaica-Berbice near Number Forty and Lichfield (Region 5),
• near Marlborough and Charity (Region 2, Pomeroon-Supenaam),
• in Demerara on the west bank of the Demerara River near Canal No. 2 between Wales and La Retraite (Region 3, Essequibo Islands - West Demerara).
3. British Guiana, North-east Sheet, Scale 1:500,000. Map drawn 1947, additional details added 1954, UTM grid added 1959. Compiled in the Cartographic Section of the Department of Lands and Mines, Georgetown, British Guiana, published by D Survey, British War Office and Air Ministry, 1960.
4. A History of the Guyanese Working People, 1881 - 1905, Walter Rodney, Heinemann Educational Books, London, 1981. p. 7.
5. Travelingluck.com (NB Just one 'l' in the US spelling of 'travelling'.
6. Guyanese Sugar Plantations in the Late Nineteenth Century, A Contemporary Description from the Argosy. Edited and introduced by Walter Rodney, Release Publishers, Georgetown, Guyana, 1979.
7. The Guyana Heritage Museum and Toucan Inn, Meten-Meer-Zorg, West Coast Demerara, Guyana.
8. University College London (UCL) project: Legacies of British Slave-ownership.


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