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Click to enlargeBritish Industries - the railways and coal. A poster published by the London Midland and Scottish Railway.
[Poster artist: G. Clausen (1)]

The LMS was formed on 1 January 1923 under the Railways Act of 1921, which grouped over 120 separate railway companies into just four. The LMS was the largest of the Big Four railway companies serving routes in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. The company was nationalised in 1948 by the Transport Act 1947, becoming part of British Railways.

Click to enlarge"All gone. Had six steam engines - two winders, compressor, fan, generator and winch. Photographed while on salvage operations".
(Chris Allen) / CC BY-SA 2.0
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980 ]
Click to enlargeElectric winder and power house to left of smoking chimney, two steam winders to right.

By 1980 there were two really good steam colliery complexes - this and Sutton Manor near St Helens. Walton was by now "on salvage". One of the Sutton Manor winders made it to 1991 and three other engines from there were removed for preservation - although only one is on public display.

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Click to enlargeIn the middle are a pair of Belliss & Morcom turbo-alternator sets and in the background are a Belliss & Morcom steam driven air compressor (the big machine) and a smaller motor driven compressor. This was a superb survivor and was advanced as a candidate for the national mining museum but this crown went to the smaller and more manageable Caphouse Colliery not very far away.
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980]

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Nick Lyons has provided some additional information concerning Chris Allen's excellent photo of the Power Plant.

Turbo-Alternator No.2 (LDC) is in the foreground with No.1 (E.E.) behind.

The two compressors at the back are, to the right, (the original) Bellis-Morcom 4,000 cuft/min steam driven unit. To the left an Ingersol-Rand electric driven compressor which was fitted as a replacement for an original B-M unit (the twin of the other).

To the extreme left of the photo, under the 'tarp' on the platform was the switchgear, exciter controls and metering.

Above you can see the manually operated travelling crane (about 1 ton capacity if I recall).

In the basement were pumps and the turbine condensers.

Finally in the very foreground next to the rail, laid on their side on the original wooden packing, are two spare pistons for the steam engines; if you look you can just make out the piston rings.
[Nick Lyons, 2016]

Click to enlarge.Belliss & Morcom turbo-alternator No. 1 set.
The turbine end of the set; the stop valve is the mechanism to the left.
[Photograph and information: Nick Lyons]

Click to enlargeLooking into the fan airlock.

To the right, you can just glimpse the end of the tangential Scirocco fan. Moving left is one of the main bearings. Next, moving left under the curved guard, is the clutch connecting the fan to the triple expansion steam engine (which is out of shot through a wall to the left). The grille walkway forms access over the fan drift, a big drop down if you fell off!
At the other end of the fan was a mirror image bearing/clutch arrangement which connected the fan to a synchronous electric motor in the No.3 Winder House. This system of clutches meant that the fan could be driven from either source. The original intent was that the electric motor would just 'cover' whilst the steam engine was being maintained, however, towards the end, the electric motor took over the job full time.
[Photograph & information: Nick Lyons, 2016]

Click to enlargePower House
The main building in front of the chimney is the power house with a steam compressor, steam fan, reciprocating steam generator and two steam turbines. The low level section between the two buildings is a connecting corridor past the steam driven fan. The building on the right housed the electric winding engine.
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980]

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

■ See Nick Lyons photograph on page 1.


Click to enlargeApologies for the quality. The picture was dark and has been equalised. There also appears to be steam coming from the glands and flare from the windows.
This is the older of the two winders and completely different to the modern Robey on No. 2 shaft. This was built by John Fowler of Leeds (better known for ploughing and traction engines) in 1894 with piston valve cylinders 42" bore by 78" stroke and a 17' 4" parallel drum. The big square box in the background is the Black's contrivance that prevented the engine driver doing anything stupid - this was the modern equivalent of a long line of ingenious devices to prevent that unlikely event. The engine stopped in 1980 and was scrapped in 1982. The site is long since flat. Plans for a mining museum came to nothing.
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980]

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Click to enlargeThis is one cylinder of the 1923 Robey & Co Ltd horizontal duplex winding engine. This was a large and modern engine with drop valve cylinders 34" bore by 60" stroke and a bicylindroconical drum rising from 13' to 17'. The 'dalek' is the steam reversing engine. The driver sat in the cabin behind the cylinder. The engine was working on salvage when seen.
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980]

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Click to enlargeOn the left was the standby fan engine - a Belliss & Morcom inverted vertical triple expansion engine of 500 brake horsepower and built in 1923. To its left is a small Belliss & Morcom 'C' type engine driving a generator. This was of 150 brake horsepower. This plant is all long gone.
[Wednesday, 4 June 1980]

© Copyright Chris Allen and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.


1. Sir George Clausen R.A. (18 April 1852 – 22 November 1944), was an English artist working in oil and watercolour, etching, mezzotint, dry point and occasionally lithographs. He was knighted in 1927. (Sources: Wikipedia, BBC Arts and other websites).

Walton Colliery Nature Park Gallery

Friends of
Walton Colliery
Nature Park

on the
the official
Wakefield MDC

For maps of the colliery area, click here.

Discover a treasure trove of images at Wakefield Museums
Wakefield Museums, Galleries and Castles

Visit the National Coal Mining Museum for England

Visit the National Coal Mining Museum for England

Caphouse Colliery,

Kellingley Colliery Closure.


Kellingley Colliery,

This was the last operational deep mine
in the United Kingdom,
it was closed on Friday 18th December 2015.

■ Read more.
■ More pictures of Kellingley Colliery.

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